RGD Reference Report - Congenic rats reveal three independent Copenhagen alleles within the Mcs1 quantitative trait locus that confer resistance to mammary cancer. - Rat Genome Database

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Congenic rats reveal three independent Copenhagen alleles within the Mcs1 quantitative trait locus that confer resistance to mammary cancer.

Authors: Haag, JD  Shepel, LA  Kolman, BD  Monson, DM  Benton, ME  Watts, KT  Waller, JL  Lopez-Guajardo, CC  Samuelson, DJ  Gould, MN 
Citation: Haag JD, etal., Cancer Res 2003 Sep 15;63(18):5808-12.
RGD ID: 724790
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:14522903

It has previously been shown that the Copenhagen (COP) rat contains several genetic loci that contribute to its mammary tumor-resistant phenotype after 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) administration. One of these loci, mammary carcinoma susceptibility 1 (Mcs1), is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 2 and appears to act in a semidominant fashion. To confirm the existence and independent action of this locus and also aid in the identification of the physical location of the Mcs1 gene, congenic lines were generated by transferring the Mcs1 COP allele onto a Wistar Furth (WF) genetic background. Male carriers were genotyped using microsatellite markers spanning 20-30 cM of the Mcs1 locus. One of the congenic lines minimally retained the COP allele at D2Mit29 on the centromeric end of chromosome 2 and extended distally to D2Rat201. Heterozygous Mcs1 carrier rats were interbred, and the female offspring were treated with DMBA. The female rats from the Mcs1 congenic line that carried one or two COP alleles of the Mcs1 region had a significantly reduced (65 and 85%, respectively) tumor development (P < 0.001) compared with rats carrying zero COP alleles at this locus. A WF.COP-D2Mit29/D2Rat201 homozygous congenic strain derived at the N10 generation was treated with DMBA, and the COP homozygous rats developed 1.5 +/- 0.3 carcinomas/rat versus 6.3 +/- 0.5 in WF control rats (P < 0.0001). Fine mapping of this congenic interval using several recombinant lines identified three genetic loci within the Mcs1 congenic region that independently supported a tumor resistance phenotype. These genetic loci have been termed Mcs1a, Mcs1b, and Mcs1c. In rats for which each locus was homozygous for the COP allele, tumor development was reduced by approximately 60% compared with littermate controls. The identification of these independent loci within the Mcs1 COP allele provide a model of the genetic complexity of cancer.

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Mammalian Phenotype
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Objects Annotated

QTLs
Mamtr2  (Mammary tumor resistance QTL 2)
Mamtr3  (Mammary tumor resistance QTL 3)
Mamtr4  (Mammary tumor resistance QTL 4)

Objects referenced in this article
Marker D2M13Mit286 D2M13Mit286 Rattus norvegicus
Strain WF.COP-(D2Mit29-D2Rat201)/Uwm null Rattus norvegicus
Strain WF.COP-(D2Mit29-D2Uwm13)/Uwm null Rattus norvegicus
Strain WF.COP-(D2Rat2-D2M13Mit286)/Uwm null Rattus norvegicus
Strain WF.COP-(D2Rat253-D2Uwm17)/Uwm null Rattus norvegicus
Strain WF.COP-(D2Uwm14-D2Uwm13)/Uwm null Rattus norvegicus
Strain WF.COP-(D2Uwm17-D2Rat16)/Uwm null Rattus norvegicus

Additional Information