RGD Reference Report - Molecular cloning and expression of a fifth muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. - Rat Genome Database

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Molecular cloning and expression of a fifth muscarinic acetylcholine receptor.

Authors: Liao, CF  Themmen, AP  Joho, R  Barberis, C  Birnbaumer, M  Birnbaumer, L 
Citation: Liao CF, etal., J Biol Chem 1989 May 5;264(13):7328-37.
RGD ID: 724743
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2540186

A cDNA of 2149 base pairs with an incomplete open reading frame (ORF) encoding amino acids 1-516 of a 531-amino acid protein highly homologous to muscarinic receptors was cloned from a rat brain cDNA library. The complete ORF was then deduced from a DNA fragment cloned from a rat genomic library. This ORF was subcloned into the eukaryotic expression vector p91023(B) under control of the adenovirus major late promoter and co-transfected with the thymidine kinase selection marker into muscarinic receptor-negative, thymidine kinase-negative murine L cells. Stable transformants were selected and tested for acquisition of muscarinic receptors by following appearance of specific binding sites for the muscarinic ligand [3H] N-methylscopolamine. Two cell lines, LM5.36 and LM5.40, were cloned and shown to express typical muscarinic receptor sites, thus confirming that the newly cloned ORF encodes a muscarinic receptor, the rat M5 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. Tests for activities showed it to stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis in intact cells, without affecting positively or negatively adenylyl cyclase activity. The M5 receptor contains two putative glycosylation sites at its amino terminus and, based on hydropathicity analysis, is predicted to span the plasma membrane seven times. Like 17 other receptors of this class, the M5 receptor has 19 conserved amino acids, among which are 4 prolines located in the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th predicted transmembrane regions, conferring possible bends to these helices, and 2 cysteines, one in the 1st and the other in the 2nd extracellular loop, possibly providing for a disulfide bond. Similarity in amino acid composition and in patterns of antagonist binding and biologic effects suggest the M5 receptor to be M1-like.

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Chrm5  (cholinergic receptor, muscarinic 5)

Additional Information