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Renal expression of the Ets-1 proto-oncogene during progression of rat crescentic glomerulonephritis.

Authors: Naito, T  Razzaque, MS  Nazneen, A  Liu, D  Nihei, H  Koji, T  Taguchi, T 
Citation: Naito T, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol. 2000 Dec;11(12):2243-55.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11095647

The ets-1 proto-oncogene is a member of the transcriptional factor family and was identified by homology to the v-ets oncogene. It was recently demonstrated that Ets-1 protein interacts with the promoter region of the genes coding for proteinases, including matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-3, and urokinase-type plasminogen activator, suggesting that it may play an important role in the regulation of MMP expression. The role of the ets-1 proto-oncogene in advanced glomerular diseases, where extracellular matrix accumulation is observed, remains undefined. In this study, the expression of ets-1 mRNA and protein during the progression of rat crescentic glomerulonephritis was examined using immunohistochemical analysis, reverse transcription-PCR, and in situ hybridization. Passive accelerated anti-glomerular basement membrane-induced nephritis was induced in rats by intravenous injection of nephrotoxic serum. Rats were euthanized on day 7, 14, 21, 28, or 42. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated significant upregulation of Ets-1 protein expression in glomeruli and the interstitium in anti-glomerular basement membrane-induced nephritis. The numbers of Ets-1-positive cells were increased 8.8-fold on day 21 in glomeruli (1.2+/-0.1 cells/glomerular cross-section, P<0.001) and sixfold on day 28 in the interstitium (21+/-1.3 cells/mm(2), P<0.001), compared with control samples. Ets-1 protein was predominantly localized in glomerular epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and interstitial cells. A small number of vascular endothelial cells, macrophages, and T cells also expressed Ets-1 protein. MMP-3 deposition was upregulated and positive cells in the interstitium often coexpressed Ets-1, whereas only a few glomerular cells were positive for both MMP-3 and Ets-1 protein. The expression of ets-1 mRNA was also markedly increased in diseased kidneys. The distribution of ets-1 mRNA was similar to that of the protein. These results indicate that overexpression of the ets-1 proto-oncogene by phenotypically altered renal cells might be associated with the pathogenesis of rat crescentic glomerulonephritis.

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RGD ID: 7241255
Created: 2013-03-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-03-06
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.