RGD Reference Report - Fibronectin as a potent inhibitor of calcium oxalate urolithiasis. - Rat Genome Database

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Fibronectin as a potent inhibitor of calcium oxalate urolithiasis.

Authors: Tsujihata, M  Miyake, O  Yoshimura, K  Kakimoto, KI  Takahara, S  Okuyama, A 
Citation: Tsujihata M, etal., J Urol. 2000 Nov;164(5):1718-23.
RGD ID: 7206846
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11025758

PURPOSE: Fibronectin (230 kD.) is a multifunctional alpha2-glycoprotein distributed throughout the extracellular matrix and body fluids. Many investigators have demonstrated that fibronectin, because of its cell adhesive action, is related to biological processes such as morphogenesis, wound healing and metastasis. Recent studies have shown that a variety of molecules, including fibronectin, inhibit endocytosis of calcium oxalate crystals in vitro. We investigated other roles of fibronectin in calcium oxalate stone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunoblotting of the crystal surface binding substance obtained from pooled healthy male urine samples was used to analyze whether fibronectin was adsorbed onto the surface of calcium oxalate crystals. To clarify the relationship between fibronectin and calcium oxalate crystals, we performed 6 experiments. Experiment 1 was immunohistochemical examination of fibronectin expression in stone forming rat model kidneys, and experiment 2 examined the fibronectin content of stone forming rat kidney models with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Experiment 3 was designed to determine fibronectin content of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells stimulated by addition of calcium oxalate crystals and experiment 4 identified the inhibitory effect of fibronectin on calcium oxalate crystal growth by the seed crystal method. For experiment 5 we used an aggregometer system to clarify the inhibitory effect of fibronectin on calcium oxalate crystal aggregation and experiment 6 examined the inhibitory effect of fibronectin on the adhesion of calcium oxalate crystals to MDCK cells. RESULTS: In the crystal surface binding substance immunoreactive bands at 230 kD., which correspond to the molecular weight of fibronectin, were detected by Western blot analysis. In stone forming rat kidneys strong expression of fibronectin was found on the renal tubules to which the crystals were attached. The fibronectin content of these kidneys was significantly greater than that of kidneys without calcium oxalate crystals. The fibronectin content of MDCK cells tended to increase in proportion to the concentration of calcium oxalate crystals added to the culture medium. The growth inhibition assay showed that the inhibitory effect of fibronectin on calcium oxalate crystal growth was small in relation to the quantity of fibronectin excreted. However, fibronectin had inhibitory effects on calcium oxalate crystal aggregation and adhesion of the crystals to MDCK cells. CONCLUSIONS: Fibronectin secretion can be stimulated by calcium oxalate crystals, and this protein, which is excreted from the tubular cells, may inhibit calcium oxalate crystal aggregation and attachment to cells.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Fn1  (fibronectin 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Fn1  (fibronectin 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
FN1  (fibronectin 1)


Additional Information