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Imbalances in serum proinflammatory cytokines and their soluble receptors: a putative role in the progression of idiopathic IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis, and a potential target of immunoglobulin therapy?

Authors: Rostoker, G  Rymer, JC  Bagnard, G  Petit-Phar, M  Griuncelli, M  Pilatte, Y 
Citation: Rostoker G, etal., Clin Exp Immunol. 1998 Dec;114(3):468-76.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9844059

Following recent experimental data suggesting an aggravating effect of circulating proinflammatory cytokines on the histological lesions of IgAN, we studied changes in serum proinflammatory cytokines and their soluble receptors and antagonists in patients treated with polyvalent immunoglobulins (15 with severe nephropathy who had indicators of poor prognosis: heavy proteinuria, hypertension, altered renal function and Lee's histological grade III or IV; and 14 with moderate forms of IgAN who had permanent albuminuria > 300 mg/day and < 2000 mg/day, Lee's histological grade II and a glomerular filtration rate > 70 ml/min) in comparison with healthy controls (n = 20) and patients with non-IgA nephritides (n = 50). These were measured by means of specific immunometric assays before and after 9 months of immunoglobulin therapy. Total tumour necrosis factor (TNF) serum and IL-6 levels were elevated in IgAN patients before therapy, relative to controls, and normalized after immunoglobulin therapy. Levels of soluble TNF receptor of type I (sR55) and type II (sR75) increased on immunoglobulin therapy. TNF index alpha-55,75 used to assess biologically available TNF-alpha (ratio of total TNF-alpha divided by levels of soluble TNF receptors sR55 and sR75) was elevated before therapy and was below healthy control values after 9 months of immunoglobulin administration. Levels of serum IL-1 receptor antagonist were low prior to immunoglobulin administration in patients with severe forms of IgAN, and normalized on therapy. Serum interferon-gamma was unmodified. The histological activity index correlated with serum total TNF-alpha, TNF index alpha-55,75 and serum IL-6 levels, whereas proteinuria correlated with serum total TNF-alpha and TNF index alpha-55,75 but not with serum IL-6. These data suggest that the overproduction of proinflammatory cytokine is unbalanced by their natural antagonists in IgAN and Henoch-Schonlein syndrome. This process may play a role in the progression of the disease and be one of the targets of immunoglobulin therapy.

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RGD ID: 6909132
Created: 2012-11-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-11-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.