RGD Reference Report - Association of interleukin-1beta gene and receptor antagonist polymorphisms with calcium oxalate urolithiasis. - Rat Genome Database

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Association of interleukin-1beta gene and receptor antagonist polymorphisms with calcium oxalate urolithiasis.

Authors: Mittal, RD  Bid, HK  Manchanda, PK  Kapoor, R 
Citation: Mittal RD, etal., J Endourol. 2007 Dec;21(12):1565-70.
RGD ID: 6907399
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18186699
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1089/end.2007.0071

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Genetic polymorphisms of the interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) promoter region (-511) and exon 5 +3954 and a variable number of tandem repeats in the IL receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) gene have been proposed as markers for calcium oxalate urolithiasis. Because the prevalence of these polymorphisms could be influenced by racial variation/ethnicity, we explored the association of IL-1 gene-cluster polymorphisms with stone formation in a north India population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The case-control study involved 150 stone-free control subjects (mean age 46.5 +/- 10.5 years) and 130 patients (mean age 40.0 +/- 11.5 years) with calcium oxalate urolithiasis. Biallelic polymorphisms of two loci, IL-1beta (-511) and IL-1beta (+3954), as well as the penta-allelic variable number of tandem repeats of IL-1RA, were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction analysis. Haplotypes were constructed for the IL-1 gene cluster using SNP Analyzer software. RESULTS: We observed a significant association between stone disease and IL-1beta -511 and IL-1RA polymorphisms (P < 0.001 and P = 0.039, respectively), whereas no association was observed for IL-1beta +3954 (P = 0.408). The frequency of the TT (-511) and I/II (410/240; IL-1RA) genotypes was higher in patients than in control subjects (50/130 v 16/150 and 55/130 v 38/150, respectively), whereas the frequencies of the haplotypes were similar (P = 0.485). Significant linkage disequilibrium showed that three genes were strongly linked (P < 0.0001). Patients with a combination of high IL-1beta (-511 and +3954) and low IL-1RA genotypes were at significantly higher risk for urolithiasis (P < 0.001; odds ratio = 5.448, 0.013, and 2.560, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated a strong association of IL-1RA and IL-1beta-511 and suggested that differences in the IL-1 gene cluster could be linked to the risk of urolithiasis. A combination of IL-1beta and IL-1RA associations exhibiting gene-gene interaction further substantiates the finding of risk.

Disease Annotations    
Urinary Calculi  (IAGP,ISO)

Phenotype Annotations    

Human Phenotype
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Il1rn  (interleukin 1 receptor antagonist)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Il1rn  (interleukin 1 receptor antagonist)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL1RN  (interleukin 1 receptor antagonist)

Additional Information