RGD Reference Report - Rat pristanoyl-CoA oxidase. cDNA cloning and recognition of its C-terminal (SQL) by the peroxisomal-targeting signal 1 receptor. - Rat Genome Database

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Rat pristanoyl-CoA oxidase. cDNA cloning and recognition of its C-terminal (SQL) by the peroxisomal-targeting signal 1 receptor.

Authors: Vanhooren, JC  Fransen, M  De Bethune, B  Baumgart, E  Baes, M  Torrekens, S  Van Leuven, F  Mannaerts, GP  Van Veldhoven, PP 
Citation: Vanhooren JC, etal., Eur J Biochem 1996 Jul 15;239(2):302-9.
RGD ID: 68737
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8706733

The composite pristanoyl-CoA oxidase cDNA sequence, derived from two overlapping clones from a rat liver cDNA library and a 5'-RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) PCR fragment, consisted of 2600 bases and contained an open reading frame of 2100 bases, encoding a protein of 700 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 78445 Da. This value is somewhat larger than the reported molecular mass of 70 kDa as determined earlier by SDS-gel electrophoresis. The amino acid identity with rat palmitoyl-CoA oxidase was rather low (28%) and barely higher than that with the yeast acyl-CoA oxidases (20%), suggesting that the palmitoyl-CoA oxidase/pristanoyl-CoA oxidase duplication occurred early in evolution. The carboxy-terminal tripeptide of pristanoyl-CoA oxidase was SQL. In vitro studies with the bacterially expressed human peroxisomal-targeting signal-1 import receptor indicated that SQL functions as a peroxisome-targeting signal. Northern analysis of tissues from control and clofibrate treated rats demonstrated that the pristanoyl-CoA oxidase gene is transcribed in liver and extrahepatic tissues and that transcription is not enhanced by treatment of rats with peroxisome proliferators. No mRNA could be detected by northern analysis of human tissues, suggesting that the human pristanoyl-CoA oxidase gene, if present, is only poorly or not transcribed.



Gene Ontology Annotations    

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Acox3  (acyl-CoA oxidase 3, pristanoyl)


Additional Information