RGD Reference Report - Comparison of the therapeutic effects of extracts from Spirulina platensis and amnion membrane on inflammation-associated corneal neovascularization. - Rat Genome Database

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Comparison of the therapeutic effects of extracts from Spirulina platensis and amnion membrane on inflammation-associated corneal neovascularization.

Authors: Yang, LL  Zhou, QJ  Wang, Y  Gao, Y  Wang, YQ 
Citation: Yang LL, etal., Int J Ophthalmol. 2012;5(1):32-7. Epub 2012 Feb 18.
RGD ID: 6771229
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22553751
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.01.07

AIM: To compare the therapeutic effects of polysaccharide extract from Spirulina platensis (PSP) and extract from amnion membrane (AME) on alkali burn-induced corneal neovascularization (CorNV). METHODS: PSP and AME were extracted from dry powder of Spirulina platensis and human aminion membrane respectively. Murine CorNV was induced by applying 1N sodiumhydroxide (NaOH) solution directly on the mice corneas. PSP and AME extracts were administered topically on the corneas 4 times daily for 7 days. The therapy effects of PSP and AME extracts were evaluated daily using slit-lamp. At the end of the therapy, corneas were harvested for H&E staining, masson trichrome staining, immunohistochemical study, and semi-quantification reverse transcriptive PCR (RT-PCR) was utilized for measurement of inflammation-related molecules. RESULTS: Topical application of PSP extract had significant therapeutic effects on CorNV that could be shown in various assays of the corneas. Compared with AME extract, PSP extract treatment was more effective in suppressing CorNV in terms of vessel length and levels of cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) proteins or the angiogenesis related genes like vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9). PSP also inhibited inflammation more markedly by more effectively inhibiting mononuclear and polymorphonuclear cells infiltration into the corneal stroma and reducing levels of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and macrophage inflammatory protein-3 (MIP3a). In additon, corneas of PSP group had a more regular and compact architecture of collagen with thinner corneal thickness than in the AME group. CONCLUSION: Polysaccharide extract from Spirulina platensis inhibited alkali burn-induced inflammation and CorNV more effectively than AME extract at the studied doses, thus may be used for the therapy of corneal diseases involving neovascularization and inflammation.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Pecam1  (platelet and endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Pecam1  (platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PECAM1  (platelet and endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1)


Additional Information