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Targeting of the 67-kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase to intracellular organelles is mediated by its interaction with the NH2-terminal region of the 65-kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase.

Authors: Dirkx R, JR  Thomas, A  Li, L  Lernmark, A  Sherwin, RS  De Camilli, P  Solimena, M 
Citation: Dirkx R Jr, etal., J Biol Chem. 1995 Feb 3;270(5):2241-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:7836456

The two isoforms of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), GAD67 and GAD65, synthesize the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid in neurons and pancreatic beta-cells. Previous studies suggest that GAD67 is a soluble cytosolic protein, whereas GAD65 is membrane-associated. Here, we study the intracellular distribution of GAD67 in neurons, pancreatic beta-cells, and fibroblasts transfected either with GAD65 and GAD67 together or with GAD67 alone. Neuronal GAD67 is partially recovered with GAD65 in membrane-containing pellet fractions and Triton X-114 detergent phases. The two proteins co-immunoprecipitate from extracts of brain and GAD65-GAD67 co-transfected fibroblasts, but not when extracts of GAD65 and GAD67 transfected fibroblasts were mixed and used as a starting material for immunoprecipitation. GAD67 is concentrated in the Golgi complex region in GAD65-GAD67 co-transfected fibroblasts, but not in fibroblasts transfected with GAD67 alone. A pool of neuronal GAD67 co-localizes with GAD65 in the Golgi complex region and in many synapses. The two proteins also co-localize in the perinuclear region of some pancreatic beta-cells. GAD67 interacts with the NH2-terminal region of GAD65, even in the absence of palmitoylation of this region of GAD65. Taken together, our results indicate that GAD65-GAD67 association occurs in vivo and is required for the targeting of GAD67 to membranes.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 6480262
Created: 2012-03-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-03-20
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.