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Expression of the high-affinity choline transporter, CHT1, in the neuronal and non-neuronal cholinergic system of human and rat skin.

Authors: Haberberger, RV  Pfeil, U  Lips, KS  Kummer, W 
Citation: Haberberger RV, etal., J Invest Dermatol 2002 Oct;119(4):943-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12406342
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1747.2002.00182.x

Choline is an essential component in acetylcholine biosynthesis, and is involved in cell signaling. It is unable to permeate the cell membrane and requires a transporter to enter the cell. Neurons that synthesize acetylcholine take up choline by a recently cloned high-affinity choline transporter (choline transporter 1) that is Na+-dependent and can be blocked by hemicholinium-3. The aim of this study was to determine the expression and to analyze the distribution of choline transporter 1 in human and rat skin. The mRNA for choline transporter 1 was detected in rat and human skin and in the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. A polyclonal anti-serum was developed against the N-terminal region of the human and rat protein. In rat and human skin, choline transporter 1 immunoreactivity was present in nerve fibers. In addition, keratinocytes, HaCaT cells and cells of the internal root sheath of the hair follicle contained choline transporter 1 immunoreactivity. The labeling patterns of nonconfluent vs confluent cultured cells and the distribution of choline transporter 1 along the epidermal layer suggest an association of choline transporter 1 with keratinocyte differentiation. In conclusion, this study shows the presence of the high-affinity choline transporter choline transporter 1 in nerve fibers and epithelial cells in the human and rat skin supporting the pivotal role of this transporter in both the neuronal and non-neuronal cholinergic system of the skin.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 634187
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE


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