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The carboxy-terminal domain of Hsc70 provides binding sites for a distinct set of chaperone cofactors.

Authors: Demand, J  Luders, J  Hohfeld, J 
Citation: Demand J, etal., Mol Cell Biol 1998 Apr;18(4):2023-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9528774

The modulation of the chaperone activity of the heat shock cognate Hsc70 protein in mammalian cells involves cooperation with chaperone cofactors, such as Hsp40; BAG-1; the Hsc70-interacting protein, Hip; and the Hsc70-Hsp90-organizing protein, Hop. By employing the yeast two-hybrid system and in vitro interaction assays, we have provided insight into the structural basis that underlies Hsc70's cooperation with different cofactors. The carboxy-terminal domain of Hsc70, previously shown to form a lid over the peptide binding pocket of the chaperone protein, mediates the interaction of Hsc70 with Hsp40 and Hop. Remarkably, the two cofactors bind to the carboxy terminus of Hsc70 in a noncompetitive manner, revealing the existence of distinct binding sites for Hsp40 and Hop within this domain. In contrast, Hip interacts exclusively with the amino-terminal ATPase domain of Hsc70. Hence, Hsc70 possesses separate nonoverlapping binding sites for Hsp40, Hip, and Hop. This appears to enable the chaperone protein to cooperate simultaneously with multiple cofactors. On the other hand, BAG-1 and Hip have recently been shown to compete in binding to the ATPase domain. Our data thus establish the existence of a network of cooperating and competing cofactors regulating the chaperone activity of Hsc70 in the mammalian cell.

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RGD ID: 634185
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE



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