Differential intranuclear localization of fibroblast growth factor-2 isoforms and specific interaction with the survival of motoneuron protein.
Claus, P Doring, F Gringel, S Muller-Ostermeyer, F Fuhlrott, J Kraft, T Grothe, C
||Claus P, etal., J Biol Chem 2003 Jan 3;278(1):479-85.
||(View Article at PubMed) PMID:12397076
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) is an important modulator of cell growth and differentiation and a neurotrophic factor. FGF-2 occurs in isoforms, at a low molecular weight of 18,000 and at least two high molecular weight forms (21,000 and 23,000), representing alternative translation products from a single mRNA. In addition to its role as an extracellular ligand, FGF-2 localizes to the nuclei of cells. Here we show differential localization of the 18- and 23-kDa isoforms in the nuclei of rat Schwann cells. Whereas the 18-kDa isoform was found in the nucleoli, nucleoplasm, and Cajal bodies, the 23-kDa isoform localized in a punctuate pattern and associates with mitotic chromosomes suggesting different functional roles of the isoforms. Moreover, we show here that the 23-kDa FGF-2 isoform co-immunoprecipitates specifically with the survival of motor neuron protein (SMN). SMN is an assembly and recycling factor of the splicing machinery and locates to the cytoplasm, the nucleoplasm, and nuclear gems, where it co-localizes with 23-kDa FGF-2. Patients with spinal muscular atrophy suffer from fatal degeneration of motoneurons because of mutations and deletions of the gene for the SMN protein.
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||fibroblast growth factor receptor 2