RGD Reference Report - Probing the active sites and mechanisms of rat metalloproteases meprin A and B. - Rat Genome Database

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Probing the active sites and mechanisms of rat metalloproteases meprin A and B.

Authors: Bertenshaw, GP  Villa, JP  Hengst, JA  Bond, JS 
Citation: Bertenshaw GP, etal., Biol Chem 2002 Jul-Aug;383(7-8):1175-83.
RGD ID: 633322
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12437103
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1515/BC.2002.129

Meprin A and B are highly regulated, secreted and cell-surface homo- and hetero-oligomeric enzymes. Meprins are abundantly expressed in kidney and intestine. The multidomain alpha and beta subunits have high sequence identity, however they have very different substrate specificities, oligomerization potentials and are differentially regulated. Here we describe that meprin subunit activities are modulated differently by physico-chemical factors. Homo-oligomeric meprin B had an acidic pH optimum. The low pH protonation indicated the existence of at least two ionizable groups. An additional ionizable group generated a shoulder in the basic pH range. Homo-oligomeric meprin A had a neutral pH optimum and the activity curve revealed that two ionizable groups might be protonated at acidic pH similar to meprin B. Increasing the concentration of salt generally inhibited meprin B activity. Meprin A was inhibited at low salt concentrations but activated as salt was increased. This work has important implications in the elucidation of the catalytic mechanisms of meprins and other metalloproteases. In addition, the activity of meprin oligomers that arise in tissues will be affected by variations in pH and NaCl. This could have profound implications because meprins are exposed to a range of conditions in the extracellular milieu of renal and intestinal tissues and in inflammation and cancer.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process
proteolysis  (NAS)

Cellular Component

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Mep1a  (meprin A subunit alpha)
Mep1b  (meprin A subunit beta)


Additional Information