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Na/Ca exchanger overexpression induces endoplasmic reticulum-related apoptosis and caspase-12 activation in insulin-releasing BRIN-BD11 cells.

Authors: Diaz-Horta, O  Kamagate, A  Herchuelz, A  Van Eylen, F 
Citation: Diaz-Horta O, etal., Diabetes 2002 Jun;51(6):1815-24.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12031969

Ca(2+) may trigger programmed cell death (apoptosis) and regulate death-specific enzymes. Therefore, the development of strategies to control Ca(2+) homeostasis may represent a potential approach to prevent or enhance cell apoptosis. To test this hypothesis, the plasma membrane Na/Ca exchanger (NCX1.7 isoform) was stably overexpressed in insulin-secreting tumoral cells. NCX1.7 overexpression increased apoptosis induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors, but not by agents increasing intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), through the opening of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-channels. NCX1.7 overexpression reduced the rise in [Ca(2+)](i) induced by all agents, depleted ER Ca(2+) stores, sensitized the cells to Ca(2+)-independent proapoptotic signaling pathways, and reduced cell proliferation by approximately 40%. ER Ca(2+) stores depletion was accompanied by the activation of the ER-specific caspase (caspase-12), and the activation was enhanced by ER Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors. Hence, Na/Ca exchanger overexpression, by depleting ER Ca(2+) stores, triggers the activation of caspase-12 and increases apoptotic cell death. By increasing apoptosis and decreasing cell proliferation, overexpression of Na/Ca exchanger may represent a new potential approach in cancer gene therapy. On the other hand, our results open the way to the development of new strategies to control cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis that could, on the contrary, prevent the process of apoptosis that mediates, in part, beta-cell autoimmune destruction in type 1 diabetes.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 632460
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.