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Aquaporin-2, a regulated water channel, is expressed in apical membranes of rat distal colon epithelium.

Authors: Gallardo, P  Cid, LP  Vio, CP  Sepulveda, FV 
Citation: Gallardo P, etal., Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2001 Sep;281(3):G856-63.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11518698

Aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) is the vasopressin-regulated water channel expressed in the apical membrane of principal cells in the collecting duct and is involved in the urinary concentrating mechanism. In the rat distal colon, vasopressin stimulates water absorption through an unknown mechanism. With the hypothesis that AQP-2 could contribute to this vasopressin effect, we studied its presence in rat colonic epithelium. We used RT-PCR, in situ hybridization, immunoblotting, and immunocytochemistry to probe for AQP-2 expression. An AQP-2 amplicon was obtained through RT-PCR of colon epithelium RNA, and in situ hybridization revealed AQP-2 mRNA in colonic crypts and, to a lesser extent, in surface absorptive epithelial cells. AQP-2 protein was localized to the apical membrane of surface absorptive epithelial cells, where it colocalized with H(+)-K(+)-ATPase but not with Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. AQP-2 was absent from the small intestine, stomach, and liver. Water deprivation increased the hybridization signal and the protein level (assessed by Western blot analysis) for AQP-2 in distal colon. This was accompanied by increased p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonic acid-sensitive water absorption. These results indicate that AQP-2 is present in the rat distal colon, where it might be involved in a water-sparing mechanism. In addition, these results support the idea that AQP-2, and probably other aquaporins, are involved in water absorption in the colon.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 631239
Created: 2003-08-04
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-08-04
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.