Interaction between blood pressure quantitative trait loci in rats in which trait variation at chromosome 1 is conditional upon a specific allele at chromosome 10.
Monti, J Plehm, R Schulz, H Ganten, D Kreutz, R Hubner, N
||Monti J, etal., Hum Mol Genet 2003 Feb 15;12(4):435-9.
||(View Article at PubMed) PMID:12566390
We have used inbred and congenic rat strains in F(2) segregation studies to discover epistasis in a polygenic model of hypertension. Previously, we have found evidence that the presence of a blood pressure quantitative trait locus (QTL) on chromosome 1 is conditional upon the allele status of chromosome 10. To prove the existence of an epistatic interaction we have analyzed congenic strains for chromosome 1 and 10 carrying high blood pressure QTL alleles from the spontaneously hypertensive rat on a normotensive background of the Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat. Additionally, a double congenic strain was developed with both chromosome 1 and 10 high blood pressure QTL alleles on the WKY background. Analysis of variance for blood pressure phenotypes as determined by radiotelemetry showed a significant effect for chromosome 10 but not chromosome 1 QTL alleles and demonstrated a significant interaction between the two loci (P<0.05). The interaction accounted for 5 mmHg of blood pressure. Thus, the identification of epistasis is critical to the understanding of the quantitative nature of blood pressure genetics.
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