RGD Reference Report - Importance of conserved Thr214 in domain A of the Na+,K+ -ATPase for stabilization of the phosphoryl transition state complex in E2P dephosphorylation. - Rat Genome Database

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Importance of conserved Thr214 in domain A of the Na+,K+ -ATPase for stabilization of the phosphoryl transition state complex in E2P dephosphorylation.

Authors: Toustrup-Jensen, M  Vilsen, B 
Citation: Toustrup-Jensen M and Vilsen B, J Biol Chem 2003 Mar 28;278(13):11402-10.
RGD ID: 629542
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12531906
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M212136200

Thr(214) of the highly conserved (214)TGES sequence in domain A of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase was replaced with alanine, and the mutant was compared functionally with the previously characterized domain A mutant Gly(263) --> Ala. Thr(214) --> Ala displayed a conspicuous 150-fold reduction of the apparent vanadate affinity for inhibition of ATPase activity, which could not simply be explained by the observed shifts of the conformational equilibria in favor of E(1) and E(1)P. The intrinsic vanadate affinity of the E(2) form and the effect on the apparent vanadate affinity of displacement of the E(1)-E(2) equilibrium were determined in a phosphorylation assay that allows the enzyme-vanadate complex to be formed under equilibrium conditions. When the E(2) form prevailed, Thr(214) --> Ala retained a reduced vanadate affinity relative to wild type, whereas the affinity of Gly(263) --> Ala became wild type-like. Thus, mutation of Thr(214) affected the intrinsic affinity of E(2) for vanadate. Furthermore, Thr(214) --> Ala showed at least a 5-fold reduced E(2)P dephosphorylation rate relative to wild type in the presence of saturating concentrations of K(+) and Mg(2+). Because vanadate is a phosphoryl transition state analog, it is proposed that defective binding of the phosphoryl transition state complex (transition state destabilization) causes the inability to catalyze E(2)P dephosphorylation properly. By contrast, the phosphorylation site in the E(1) form was unaffected in Thr(214) --> Ala. Replacement of the glutamate, Glu(216), of (214)TGES with alanine was incompatible with cell viability, indicating a very low transport activity or expression level. Our results support the hypothesis that domain A is isolated in the E(1) form, but contributes to make up the catalytic site in the E(2) and E(2)P conformations.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Atp1a1  (ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit alpha 1)


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