RGD Reference Report - Hyperglycemia in diabetic rats reduces the glutathione content in the aortic tissue. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Hyperglycemia in diabetic rats reduces the glutathione content in the aortic tissue.

Authors: Tachi, Y  Okuda, Y  Bannai, C  Bannai, S  Shinohara, M  Shimpuku, H  Yamashita, K  Ohura, K 
Citation: Tachi Y, etal., Life Sci 2001 Jul 20;69(9):1039-47.
RGD ID: 628384
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11508646

The glutathione redox cycle plays a major role in scavenging hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) under physiological conditions. Recently, we demonstrated that a high glucose concentration in the culture medium reduced the level of H2O2 scavenging activity of human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMCs). We also showed that a high glucose concentration reduced the intracellular glutathione (GSH) content and the rate of uptake of cystine, which itself is a rate-limiting factor that maintains the GSH level (FEBS Lett.421: 19-22,1998). In the present study, we investigated whether the hyperglycemic condition in diabetic rats impairs the glutathione content in the aortic tissue in vivo. Wistar rats were divided into the following three groups: streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ-D, n=7), insulin-treated STZ-D rats (I-STZ-D, n=8), and non-diabetic controls (C, n=7). Fourteen days after streptozotocin injection, the aortic tissue was extracted and the GSH content in the aortic tissue was measured. Furthermore, the relationship between the GSH content in the aortic tissue and blood glucose level in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats aged 30 weeks, which developed diabetes spontaneously, was investigated. The GSH content in the aortic tissue of the STZ-D group (0.99+/-0.14 nmol/mg protein) was significantly lower than that of the control group (1.68+/-0.15 nmol/mg protein). Insulin treatment to the diabetic rats restored the GSH content in the aortic tissue (I-STZ-D group; 1.45+/-0.11 nmol/mg protein). Among the 22 Wistar rats, the GSH content in the aortic tissue was negatively correlated with the blood glucose level (r=-0.69, p<0.01, n=22). Among the OLETF rats, a similar negative correlation between the GSH content in the aortic tissue and blood glucose level was seen (r=-0.64, p<0.05, n=10). We demonstrated in vivo that the hyperglycemic condition in STZ-induced diabetic Wistar rats and OLETF rats reduced the GSH content in aortic tissue. This suggested reduced glutathione redox cycle function of aorta.

Annotation

Objects referenced in this article
0 OLETF Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty All species
0 WKY null All species

Additional Information