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Regulation of alpha 2(I) collagen expression in stellate cells by retinoic acid and retinoid X receptors through interactions with their cofactors.

Authors: Wang, L  Tankersley, LR  Tang, M  Potter, JJ  Mezey, E 
Citation: Wang L, etal., Arch Biochem Biophys. 2004 Aug 1;428(1):92-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15234273
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.abb.2004.05.004

Retinoic acid (RA) suppresses alpha 2(I) collagen expression in hepatic stellate cells through the binding of retinoic acid receptor beta (RAR beta) and retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha) to RA response elements (RAREs) in the alpha 2(I) collagen promoter. This study determined the influence of coactivators and corepressors to RAR beta and RXR alpha on the regulation of the alpha 2(I) collagen promoter. The coactivators, steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1) and growth hormone receptor interacting protein-1 (GRIP-1), enhanced, while the nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR) abolished the inhibitory effect of RAR beta and RXR alpha on the promoter activity. In the presence of RA, the coactivators SRC-1 and GRIP-1 formed complexes with RAR beta and RXR alpha which are bound to an oligonucleotide specifying a RARE site in the promoter. In conclusion, this study shows that in the presence of retinoic acid, the coactivators SRC-1 and GRIP-1 augment, while the corepressor N-CoR abolishes, the suppressive effects of RAR beta and RXR alpha on alpha 2(I) collagen promoter activity.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 5688233
Created: 2012-02-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-02-22
Status: ACTIVE



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