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Downregulation of cytosolic prostaglandin E2 synthase results in decreased nociceptive behavior in rats.

Authors: Hofacker, A  Coste, O  Nguyen, HV  Marian, C  Scholich, K  Geisslinger, G 
Citation: Hofacker A, etal., J Neurosci. 2005 Sep 28;25(39):9005-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16192391
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2190-05.2005

Nociception-evoked prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release in the spinal cord contributes considerably to the development of hyperalgesia and allodynia. Biosynthesis of PGE2 involves the conversion of arachidonic acid to PGH2 by cyclooxygenases (COXs), followed by an isomerization of PGH2 to PGE2 by PGE2 synthases (PGESs). The roles of COX-1, COX-2, and the inducible microsomal PGES-1 have been studied in models of pain and inflammation. In contrast, in nociceptive processes, very little is known about the role of cytosolic PGES (cPGES), which has been described as being functionally coupled to COX-1. Here we show by in situ hybridization and immunohistological analysis that COX-1 and cPGES are constitutively expressed in neuronal and non-neuronal cells of the dorsal and ventral horns in the spinal cord of adult rats. The protein levels of both enzymes were not regulated by nociceptive stimuli; however, reduction of cPGES in rat spinal cord with intrathecal application of cPGES antisense oligonucleotides reduced the nociceptive behavior in zymosan-evoked thermal hyperalgesia and in the formalin assay. The data indicate that cPGES plays an important role in mediating early responses during spinal nociceptive processing.

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RGD ID: 5688057
Created: 2012-02-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-02-17
Status: ACTIVE



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