RGD Reference Report - Initiation of testicular tubulogenesis is controlled by neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinases in a three-dimensional Sertoli cell aggregation assay. - Rat Genome Database
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Initiation of testicular tubulogenesis is controlled by neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinases in a three-dimensional Sertoli cell aggregation assay.

Authors: Gassei, K  Ehmcke, J  Schlatt, S 
Citation: Gassei K, etal., Reproduction. 2008 Oct;136(4):459-69. Epub 2008 Jul 25.
RGD ID: 5684384
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18660385
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1530/REP-08-0241

The first morphological sign of testicular differentiation is the formation of testis cords. Prior to cord formation, newly specified Sertoli cells establish adhesive junctions, and condensation of somatic cells along the surface epithelium of the genital ridge occurs. Here, we show that Sertoli cell aggregation is necessary for subsequent testis cord formation, and that neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptors (NTRKs) regulate this process. In a three-dimensional cell culture assay, immature rat Sertoli cells aggregate to form large spherical aggregates (81.36+/-7.34 microm in diameter) in a highly organized, hexagonal arrangement (376.95+/-21.93 microm average distance between spherical aggregates). Exposure to NTRK inhibitors K252a and AG879 significantly disrupted Sertoli cell aggregation in a dose-dependent manner. Sertoli cells were prevented from establishing cell-cell contacts and from forming spherical aggregates. In vitro-derived spherical aggregates were xenografted into immunodeficient nude mice to investigate their developmental potential. In controls, seminiferous tubule-like structures showing polarized single-layered Sertoli cell epithelia, basement membranes, peritubular myoid cells surrounding the tubules, and lumen were observed in histological sections. By contrast, grafts from treatment groups were devoid of tubules and only few single Sertoli cells were present in xenografts after 4 weeks. Furthermore, the grafts were significantly smaller when Sertoli cell aggregation was disrupted by K252a in vitro (20.87 vs 6.63 mg; P<0.05). We conclude from these results that NTRK-regulated Sertoli-Sertoli cell contact is essential to the period of extensive growth and remodeling that occurs during testicular tubulogenesis, and our data indicate its potential function in fetal and prepubertal testis differentiation.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ntrk1  (neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase 1)


Additional Information