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[Changes of serum and cerebrospinal fluid insulin-like growth factor-II levels in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy].

Authors: Bai, B  Chen, B  Jiang, P  Liu, ZJ  Huang, NC  Gong, ZC  Du, XZ 
Citation: Bai B, etal., Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2006 Jun;8(3):187-90.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16787587

OBJECTIVE: Many studies have demonstrated that low levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) may be associated with the hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) and that IGF-I has a neuroprotective effect. The role of IGF-II, a structurally and functionally homologous polypeptide with IGF-I, is unclear in HIBD. This study was designed to observe the changes of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IGF-II levels in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to investigate its effects on HIE. METHODS: Serum and CSF IGF-II levels in 41 neonates with HIE were measured by radioimmunoassay in the acute phase (postnatal age 12-24 hrs) and the convalescence phase (postnatal age 10-12 days). The 41 HIE neonates included 10 cases of mild, 12 moderate, and 19 severe HIE. Serum samples of 10 normal neonates were used as controls. RESULTS: In the acute phase, serum IGF-II levels in the Mild HIE group (203.28 +/- 40.09 ng/mL) and the Moderate HIE group (192.33 +/- 39.66 ng/mL) were not significantly reduced, but were obviously reduced in the Severe HIE group (116.72 +/- 39.50 ng/mL) compared with normal controls (229.38 +/- 43.39 ng/mL) (P<0.01). During the convalescence phase, serum IGF-II levels in the Mild HIE group (285.53 +/- 49.44 ng/mL) and in the Moderate HIE group (278.69 +/- 51.34 ng/mL) increased significantly (P < 0.01); CSF IGF-II levels increased in the Mild HIE group from 27.23 +/- 7.82 ng/mL (acute phase) to 81.58 +/- 9.77 ng/mL (convalescence phase) (P < 0.01) and also increased in the Moderate HIE group from 23.43 +/- 7.79 ng/mL (acute phase) to 78.48 +/- 10.44 ng/mL (convalescence phase) (P < 0.01). The patients from the severe HIE group whose neurological symptoms or signs were improved in the convalescence showed higher serum and CSF IGF-II levels than in the acute phase (254.08 +/- 48.50 ng/mL vs 122.21 +/- 46.26 ng/mL; 69.42 +/- 10.20 ng/mL vs 15.05 +/- 7.03 ng/mL; P < 0.01). A positive correlation was found between the serum and CSF IGF-II levels in the HIE group (r=0.69, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: IGF-II levels in serum and CSF are associated with the pathogenesis and the prognosis of neonatal HIE.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 5510005
Created: 2011-11-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-11-17
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.