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Urocortin modulates dopaminergic neuronal survival via inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta and histone deacetylase.

Authors: Huang, HY  Lin, SZ  Chen, WF  Li, KW  Kuo, JS  Wang, MJ 
Citation: Huang HY, etal., Neurobiol Aging. 2011 Sep;32(9):1662-77. Epub 2009 Oct 28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19875195
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2009.09.010

Urocortin (UCN) is a member of the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) family of neuropeptides that regulates stress responses. Although UCN is principally expressed in dopaminergic neurons in rat substantia nigra (SN), the function of UCN in modulating dopaminergic neuronal survival remains unclear. Using primary mesencephalic cultures, we demonstrated that dopaminergic neurons underwent spontaneous cell death when their age increased in culture. Treatment of mesencephalic cultures with UCN markedly prolonged the survival of dopaminergic neurons, whereas neutralization of UCN with anti-UCN antibody accelerated dopaminergic neurons degeneration. UCN increased intracellular cAMP levels followed by phosphorylating glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) on Ser9. Moreover, UCN directly inhibited the histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity and induced a robust increase in histone H3 acetylation levels. Using pharmacological approaches, we further demonstrated that inhibition of GSK-3beta and HDAC contributes to UCN-mediated neuroprotection. These results suggest that dopaminergic neurons-derived UCN might be involved in an autocrine protective signaling mechanism.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 5508309
Created: 2011-10-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-10-12
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.