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Role of urocortin 2 secreted by the pituitary in the stress-induced suppression of luteinizing hormone secretion in rats.

Authors: Nemoto, T  Iwasaki-Sekino, A  Yamauchi, N  Shibasaki, T 
Citation: Nemoto T, etal., Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Oct;299(4):E567-75. Epub 2010 Jul 27.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20663987
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00163.2010

We have previously shown that urocortin 2 (Ucn 2), a member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) peptide family that binds to CRF type 2 receptor, is expressed in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) cells of rat pituitary and that its secretion and expression are increased by CRF in both the anterior and intermediate lobes and suppressed by glucocorticoids in the anterior lobe. We have also shown that Ucn 2 secreted by POMC cells acts on gonadotrophs expressing CRF type 2 receptors and inhibits the expression and secretion of gonadotropins. In the present study, we examined whether pituitary Ucn 2 is involved in stress-induced inhibition of gonadotropin secretion. A 90-min period of immobilization stress increased POMC mRNA expression without influencing Ucn 2 mRNA expression and suppressed luteinizing hormone (LH) beta-subunit mRNA expression in the anterior lobe and plasma LH levels, while it increased both POMC and Ucn 2 mRNA expression in the intermediate lobe of the pituitary. Pretreatment with anti-CRF IgG blocked immobilization-induced increases in plasma ACTH and corticosterone and in POMC mRNA expression in both pituitary lobes and Ucn 2 mRNA expression in the intermediate pituitary. It also blocked immobilization-induced suppression of plasma LH and LH beta-subunit mRNA expression. Pretreatment with anti-Ucn 2 IgG blocked immobilization-induced suppression of plasma LH and LH beta-subunit expression without affecting immobilization-induced ACTH and corticosterone release and POMC or Ucn 2 mRNA expression. These results suggest that CRF suppresses the secretion and expression of LH probably through pituitary Ucn 2 in stress.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 5508201
Created: 2011-10-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-10-07
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.