RGD Reference Report - Retinal ectopias and mechanically weakened basement membrane in a mouse model of muscle-eye-brain (MEB) disease congenital muscular dystrophy. - Rat Genome Database
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Retinal ectopias and mechanically weakened basement membrane in a mouse model of muscle-eye-brain (MEB) disease congenital muscular dystrophy.

Authors: Hu, H  Candiello, J  Zhang, P  Ball, SL  Cameron, DA  Halfter, W 
Citation: Hu H, etal., Mol Vis. 2010 Jul 28;16:1415-28.
RGD ID: 5148028
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20680099

PURPOSE: Some forms of congenital muscular dystrophy are associated with cortical and retinal dysplasias. Protein O-mannose N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 (POMGnT1) knockout mice, one of the mouse models of muscular dystrophy, exhibit a thinner retina with reduced density of retinal ganglion cells. This study is aimed to further characterize the knockout retina, with special emphasis on the inner limiting membrane, the basement membrane of the retina. METHODS: Immunofluorescence staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to analyze the retinas. Atomic force microscopy was performed on the inner limiting membrane preparations to examine their mechanical properties. RESULTS: The inner limiting membrane of the knockout mice exhibited frequent breaks with protrusions of the Muller glial processes and ectopic placement of retinal ganglion cells into the vitreous humor. Disruptions in inner limiting membrane integrity developmentally precede the cellular abnormalities. Regions of disrupted inner limiting membrane were also associated with molecular abnormalities of Muller glia that included diminished presence of the integral membrane proteins Kir4.1 (an inwardly rectifying potassium channel) and aquaporin-4. When measured with atomic force microscopy, the POMGnT1 knockout mouse inner limiting membrane (ILM) exhibited significantly reduced Young's modulus and is therefore mechanically weaker than the ILM from controls. CONCLUSIONS: Deficiency of POMGnT1-mediated glycosylation of dystroglycan is implicated in reduced stiffness of the ILM. The weakened ILM results in the disruption of the membrane and subsequent reduction in retinal integrity.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Aqp4  (aquaporin 4)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Aqp4  (aquaporin 4)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
AQP4  (aquaporin 4)


Additional Information