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Dendritic Cells and CD28 Costimulation Are Required To Sustain Virus-Specific CD8+ T Cell Responses during the Effector Phase In Vivo.

Authors: Dolfi, DV  Duttagupta, PA  Boesteanu, AC  Mueller, YM  Oliai, CH  Borowski, AB  Katsikis, PD 
Citation: Dolfi DV, etal., J Immunol. 2011 Apr 15;186(8):4599-608. Epub 2011 Mar 9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:21389258
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1001972

Although much is known about the initiation of immune responses, much less is known about what controls the effector phase. CD8(+) T cell responses are believed to be programmed in lymph nodes during priming without any further contribution by dendritic cells (DCs) and Ag. In this study, we report the requirement for DCs, Ag, and CD28 costimulation during the effector phase of the CD8(+) T cell response. Depleting DCs or blocking CD28 after day 6 of primary influenza A virus infection decreases the virus-specific CD8(+) T cell response by inducing apoptosis, and this results in decreased viral clearance. Furthermore, effector CD8(+) T cells adoptively transferred during the effector phase fail to expand without DC, CD28 costimulation, and cognate Ag. The absence of costimulation also leads to reduced survival of virus-specific effector cells as they undergo apoptosis mediated by the proapoptotic molecule Bim. Finally, IL-2 treatment restored the effector response in the absence of CD28 costimulation. Thus, in contrast to naive CD8(+) T cells, which undergo an initial Ag-independent proliferation, effector CD8(+) T cells expanding in the lungs during the effector phase require Ag, CD28 costimulation, and DCs for survival and expansion. These requirements would greatly impair effector responses against viruses and tumors that are known to inhibit DC maturation and in chronic infections and aging where CD28(-/-) CD8(+) T cells accumulate.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 5131611
Created: 2011-05-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-05-05
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.