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Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) exon 1 polymorphism affects lymphocyte profiles in bronchoalveolar lavage of patients with sarcoidosis.

Authors: Handa, T  Nagai, S  Ito, I  Shigematsu, M  Hamada, K  Kitaichi, M  Izumi, T  Mishima, M 
Citation: Handa T, etal., Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis. 2003 Oct;20(3):190-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:14620161

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease characterized by T-cell activation and subsequent granuloma formation at the site of involvement. Genetic susceptibility is a key factor in the pathogenesis of this disease, and genes involved in T-cell regulation are potential candidates. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a negative regulator of T-cell activation expressed on activated T-cells. The G allele of the CTLA-4 exon 1 polymorphism has previously been described to be associated with disease susceptibility in several autoimmune diseases. We investigated the relationship of CTLA-4 to disease susceptibility and cell profiles in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in Japanese sarcoidosis patients. METHODS: Japanese sarcoidosis patients (n = 135) and controls (n = 97) were typed for an A/G bi-allelic polymorphism in exon 1 of CTLA-4 using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), and the distribution of genotypes was compared between both groups. Sixty-seven patients underwent BAL, and cell profiles in BAL fluid were compared between patients with G/G genotype and those with A/A genotype. RESULTS: No significant differences in the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies were found between sarcoidosis (GG: 46%, AG: 39%, AA: 15%) and controls (GG: 42%, AG: 49%, AA: 8%). Patients with G/G genotype had significantly increased lymphocyte ratios, lymphocyte counts, and CD4(+) cell counts in BAL fluid compared with patients with A/A genotype (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CTLA-4 exonl polymorphism might affect BAL fluid lymphocyte profiles in Japanese sarcoidosis patients.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 4891520
Created: 2011-01-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-01-18
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.