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United airways: circulating Th2 effector cells in an allergic rhinitis model are responsible for promoting lower airways inflammation.

Authors: KleinJan, A  Willart, M  Van Nimwegen, M  Leman, K  Hoogsteden, HC  Hendriks, RW  Lambrecht, BN 
Citation: KleinJan A, etal., Clin Exp Allergy. 2010 Mar;40(3):494-504. Epub 2009 Nov 25.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19968652
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2009.03417.x

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma often coexist and are referred to as 'united airways' disease. However, the molecular and cellular pathways that are crucially involved in the interaction between upper and lower airways remain to be identified. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether and how AR exacerbates lower airway inflammation upon allergen challenge in mice. METHODS: We previously developed an intranasal ovalbumin (OVA)-driven AR model, characterized by nasal eosinophilic inflammation, enhanced serum levels of OVA-specific IgE and Th2 cytokine production in cervical lymph nodes. In OVA-sensitized mice with or without AR, a lower airway challenge was given, and after 24 h, lower airway inflammation was analysed. RESULTS: We found that AR mice were more susceptible to eosinophilic inflammation following a lower airway OVA challenge than OVA-sensitized controls. AR mice manifested increased numbers of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and increased inter-cellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on lung endothelium, when compared with OVA-sensitized controls. Depletion of T cells in OVA-challenged AR mice completely abrogated all hallmarks of lower airway inflammation, including enhanced IL-5 and tissue eosinophilia. Conversely, adoptive transfer of Th2 effector cells in naive animals induced lower airway eosinophilic inflammation after challenge with OVA. Blocking T cell recirculation during AR development by the spingosine-1 analogue FTY720 also prevented lower airway inflammation including ICAM-1 expression in AR mice upon a single lower airway challenge. CONCLUSION: Our mouse model of 'united airways' disease supports epidemiological and clinical data that AR has a significant impact on lower airway inflammation. Circulating Th2 effector cells are responsible for lung priming in AR mice, most likely through up-regulation of ICAM-1.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 4145464
Created: 2010-11-04
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-11-04
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.