RGD Reference Report - Mir-21 Mediates the Inhibitory Effect of Ang (1-7) on AngII-induced NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation by Targeting Spry1 in lung fibroblasts. - Rat Genome Database

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Mir-21 Mediates the Inhibitory Effect of Ang (1-7) on AngII-induced NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation by Targeting Spry1 in lung fibroblasts.

Authors: Sun, Na-Na  Yu, Chang-Hui  Pan, Miao-Xia  Zhang, Yue  Zheng, Bo-Jun  Yang, Qian-Jie  Zheng, Ze-Mao  Meng, Ying 
Citation: Sun NN, etal., Sci Rep. 2017 Oct 30;7(1):14369. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-13305-3.
RGD ID: 41404715
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29084974
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-13305-3

MicroRNA-21 (mir-21) induced by angiotensin II (AngII) plays a vital role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis, and the NLRP3 inflammasome is known to be involved in fibrogenesis. However, whether there is a link between mir-21 and the NLRP3 inflammasome in pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2/angiotensin(1-7) [ACE2/Ang(1-7)] has been shown to attenuate AngII-induced pulmonary fibrosis, but it is not clear whether ACE2/Ang(1-7) protects against pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting AngII-induced mir-21 expression. This study's aim was to investigate whether mir-21 activates the NLRP3 inflammasome and mediates the different effects of AngII and ACE2/Ang(1-7) on lung fibroblast apoptosis and collagen synthesis. In vivo, AngII exacerbated bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrosis in rats, and elevated mir-21 and the NLRP3 inflammasome. In contrast, ACE2/Ang(1-7) attenuated BLM-induced lung fibrosis, and decreased mir-21 and the NLRP3 inflammasome. In vitro, AngII activated the NLRP3 inflammasome by up-regulating mir-21, and ACE2/Ang(1-7) inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation by down-regulating AngII-induced mir-21. Over-expression of mir-21 activated the NLRP3 inflammasome via the ERK/NF-κB pathway by targeting Spry1, resulting in apoptosis resistance and collagen synthesis in lung fibroblasts. These results indicate that mir-21 mediates the inhibitory effect of ACE2/Ang(1-7) on AngII-induced activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome by targeting Spry1 in lung fibroblasts.



Disease Annotations    
pulmonary fibrosis  (IEP,ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Mir21  (microRNA 21)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Mir21a  (microRNA 21a)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
MIR21  (microRNA 21)


Additional Information