RGD Reference Report - Genetic variants of PTGS2, TXA2R and TXAS1 are associated with carotid plaque vulnerability, platelet activation and TXA2 levels in ischemic stroke patients. - Rat Genome Database

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Genetic variants of PTGS2, TXA2R and TXAS1 are associated with carotid plaque vulnerability, platelet activation and TXA2 levels in ischemic stroke patients.

Authors: Yi, Xingyang  Lin, Jing  Luo, Hua  Wang, Chun  Liu, Yingying 
Citation: Yi X, etal., PLoS One. 2017 Jul 12;12(7):e0180704. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180704. eCollection 2017.
RGD ID: 401959402
Pubmed: PMID:28704403   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC5507514   (View Article at PubMed Central)
DOI: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180704   (Journal Full-text)

Eicosanoids may play a role in ischemic stroke. However, the associations of variants in cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway genes and interaction among these variants with carotid plaque vulnerability are not fully understood. In present study, twelve variants in COX pathway genes were examined using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry method in 396 patients with ischemic stroke and 291 controls. Platelet aggregation, platelet-leukocyte aggregates, and urine 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-dTxB2) were also measured. According to the results of carotid high-resolution B-mode ultrasound, the patients were stratified into the following groups [i.e., non-carotid plaque and carotid plaque. The carotid plaque was further classified into subgroups of echolucent plaque (ELP) and echogenic plaque (EGP)]. Additionally, gene-gene interactions were analyzed to assess whether there was any interactive role for assessed variants in affecting carotid plaque vulnerability, platelet activation and 11-dTxB2 levels. There were no significant differences in the frequencies of genotypes of the twelve variants between patients and controls. Among 396 patients, 294 cases (74.2%) had carotid plaques (106 had ELP, 188 had EGP). Frequency of PTGS2 rs20417CC, TXAS1 rs2267679TT, TXAS1 rs41708TT, PTGIS rs5602CC, and TXA2R rs1131882TT genotype was significantly higher in patients with plaque compared with patients without plaque, or in patients with ELP compared with patients with EGP. 11-dTxB2 levels, platelet aggregation and platelet-leukocyte aggregates were significantly higher in patients with ELP compared with patients without plaque or with EGP. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that PTGS2 rs20417CC, TXA2R rs1131882TT, and high-risk interaction among variants in PTGS2 rs20417, TXA2R rs1131882 and TXAS1 rs41708 were independently associated with the risk of ELP after adjusting for confounding variables. The variants in COX pathway genes and the high-risk interactions among variants in PTGS2 rs20417, TXA2R rs1131882 and TXAS1 rs41708 were associated with high 11-dTxB2 and platelet activation, and independently associated with the risk of carotid plaque vulnerability. These variants might be potential markers for plaque instability.



RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

  
Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
PTGISHumancarotid stenosis  IAGP associated with cerebral infarction and DNA:SNP:3' utr: (rs5602) (human)RGD 
PtgisRatcarotid stenosis  ISOPTGIS (Homo sapiens)associated with cerebral infarction and DNA:SNP:3' utr: (rs5602) (human)RGD 
PtgisMousecarotid stenosis  ISOPTGIS (Homo sapiens)associated with cerebral infarction and DNA:SNP:3' utr: (rs5602) (human)RGD 

Phenotype Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Manual Human Phenotype Annotations - RGD

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
PTGISHumanCarotid artery stenosis  IAGP associated with cerebral infarction and DNA:SNP:3' utr: (rs5602)RGD 
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ptgis  (prostaglandin I2 synthase)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ptgis  (prostaglandin I2 (prostacyclin) synthase)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PTGIS  (prostaglandin I2 synthase)


Additional Information