RGD Reference Report - Reduced expression of prostacyclin synthase and nitric oxide synthase in subcutaneous arteries of type 2 diabetic patients. - Rat Genome Database

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Reduced expression of prostacyclin synthase and nitric oxide synthase in subcutaneous arteries of type 2 diabetic patients.

Authors: Safiah Mokhtar, Siti  M Vanhoutte, Paul  W S Leung, Susan  Imran Yusof, Mohd  Wan Sulaiman, Wan Azman  Zaharil Mat Saad, Arman  Suppian, Rapeah  Ghulam Rasool, Aida Hanum 
Citation: Safiah Mokhtar S, etal., Tohoku J Exp Med. 2013 Nov;231(3):217-22. doi: 10.1620/tjem.231.217.
RGD ID: 401901153
Pubmed: PMID:24225501   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1620/tjem.231.217   (Journal Full-text)

Diabetic endothelial dysfunction is characterized by impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation. In this study, we measured the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostacyclin synthase (PGIS), and prostacyclin receptor (IP) in subcutaneous arteries of type-2 diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Subcutaneous arteries were dissected from tissues from seven diabetics (4 males and 3 females) and seven non-diabetics (5 males and 2 females) aged between 18 to 65 years, who underwent lower limb surgical procedures. Diabetics had higher fasting blood glucose compared to non-diabetics, but there were no differences in blood pressure, body mass index and age. Patients were excluded if they had uncontrolled hypertension, previous myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, renal or hepatic failure and tumor. The relative expression levels of eNOS, COX-1, COX-2, PGIS and IP receptor were determined by Western blotting analysis, normalized with the β-actin level. Increased expression of COX-2 was observed in subcutaneous arteries of diabetics compared to non-diabetics, whereas the expression levels of eNOS and PGIS were significantly lower in diabetics. There were no significant differences in expression levels of COX-1 and IP receptor between the two groups. Immunohistochemical study of subcutaneous arteries showed that the intensities of eNOS and PGIS staining were lower in diabetics, with higher COX-2 staining. In conclusion, type-2 diabetes is associated with higher COX-2 expression, but lower eNOS and PGIS expression in subcutaneous arteries. These alterations may lead to impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, and thus these proteins may be potential targets for protection against the microvascular complications of diabetes.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
PTGISHumantype 2 diabetes mellitus  IEP protein:decreased expression:hypodermis (human)RGD 
PtgisRattype 2 diabetes mellitus  ISOPTGIS (Homo sapiens)protein:decreased expression:hypodermis (human)RGD 
PtgisMousetype 2 diabetes mellitus  ISOPTGIS (Homo sapiens)protein:decreased expression:hypodermis (human)RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ptgis  (prostaglandin I2 synthase)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ptgis  (prostaglandin I2 (prostacyclin) synthase)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PTGIS  (prostaglandin I2 synthase)

Additional Information