RGD Reference Report - Inhibitory effect of antisense epidermal growth factor receptor RNA on the proliferation of rat C6 glioma cells in vitro and in vivo. - Rat Genome Database

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Inhibitory effect of antisense epidermal growth factor receptor RNA on the proliferation of rat C6 glioma cells in vitro and in vivo.

Authors: Pu, P  Liu, X  Liu, A  Cui, J  Zhang, Y 
Citation: Pu P, etal., J Neurosurg. 2000 Jan;92(1):132-9. doi: 10.3171/jns.2000.92.1.0132.
RGD ID: 38599219
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10616092
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3171/jns.2000.92.1.0132


OBJECT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of antisense epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) RNA on the growth of rat glioma cells in vitro and in vivo and to determine the feasibility of targeting the EGFR gene for gene therapy in gliomas.
METHODS: Antisense EGFR complementary (c)DNA was transfected into C6 glioma cells by using lipofectamine. In vitro studies, Southern and Northern blot analyses, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemical staining were designed to examine the integration and expression of antisense EGFR constructs. The 3'(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and the average number of argyrophilic nuclear organizer regions (Ag-NORs) were used to evaluate cell proliferation, whereas the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method and microscopy were used to observe cell apoptosis. As part of the in vivo studies, parental C6 cells and C6 cells transfected with EGFR antisense cDNA were implanted stereotactically into the right caudate nucleus of Wistar rats (C6-injected animals and transfected C6-injected animals). Rats with well-established cerebral C6 glioma foci were treated intratumorally with either antisense EGFR cDNA or empty-vector DNA by using lipofectamine (treated-C6 and control treated group). The general behavior and survival of the rats, findings on magnetic resonance images of their brains, histopathological changes, proliferation activity, and apoptosis of the cerebral gliomas in each group of rats were examined. Exogenous antisense EGFR cDNA was integrated into the genome of C6 cells and expressed. In clones with a high expression of the antisense construct, there was a dramatic decrease in endogenous EGFR messenger RNA and protein levels, reduced proliferation activity, and induction of apoptosis in vitro. The mean survival time of rats injected with C6 cells was 17.3 days. The mean survival time of rats injected with C6 cells followed by treatment with empty vector in lipofectamine was 15.4 days. Survival time was significantly prolonged in 100% of the rats injected with antisense-transfected C6 cells and in two thirds of the rats injected with C6 cells followed by antisense EGFR cDNA. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed distinct cerebral tumor foci in C6-injected rats and in control rats of the treated group, but none were found in the rats injected with transfected C6 cells. Furthermore, tumor foci disappeared completely in C6-injected rats treated with antisense EGFR cDNA. The cerebral gliomas of the rats treated by injection of antisense EGFR RNA were characterized by reduced proliferation activity and the induction of apoptosis.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that EGFR plays an important role in the genesis of malignant gliomas. It may, therefore, be an effective target of antisense gene therapy in patients with gliomas.



Disease Annotations    
high grade glioma  (IMP,ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Egfr  (epidermal growth factor receptor)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Egfr  (epidermal growth factor receptor)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
EGFR  (epidermal growth factor receptor)


Additional Information