RGD Reference Report - Tight junction protein ZO-1 controls organic cation/carnitine transporter OCTN2 (SLC22A5) in a protein kinase C-dependent way. - Rat Genome Database

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Tight junction protein ZO-1 controls organic cation/carnitine transporter OCTN2 (SLC22A5) in a protein kinase C-dependent way.

Authors: Jurkiewicz, Dominika  Michalec, Katarzyna  Skowronek, Krzysztof  Nałęcz, Katarzyna A 
Citation: Jurkiewicz D, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res. 2017 May;1864(5):797-805. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2017.02.014. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
RGD ID: 30309931
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:28257821
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2017.02.014

OCTN2 (SLC22A5) is an organic cation/carnitine transporter belonging to the solute carrier transporters (SLC) family. OCTN2 is ubiquitously expressed and its presence was shown in various brain cells, including the endothelial cells forming blood-brain barrier, where it was mainly detected at abluminal membrane and in proximity of tight junctions (TJ). Since OCTN2 contains a PDZ-binding domain, the present study was focused on a possible role of transporter interaction with a TJ-associated protein ZO-1, containing PDZ domains and detected in rat Octn2 proteome. We showed previously that activation of protein kinase C (PKC) in rat astrocytes regulates Octn2 surface presence and activity. Regulation of a wild type Octn2 and its deletion mutant without a PDZ binding motif were studied in heterologous expression system in HEK293 cells. Plasma membrane presence of overexpressed Octn2 did not depend on either PKC activation or presence of PDZ-binding motif, anyhow, as assayed in proximity ligation assay, the truncation of PDZ binding motif resulted in a strongly diminished Octn2/ZO-1 interaction and in a decreased transporter activity. The same effects on Octn2 activity were detected upon PKC activation, what correlated with ZO-1 phosphorylation. It is postulated that ZO-1, when not phosphorylated by PKC, keeps Octn2 in an active state, while elimination of this binding in ΔPDZ mutant or after ZO-1 phosphorylation leads to diminution of Octn2 activity.


Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Cellular Component

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Slc22a5  (solute carrier family 22 member 5)

Additional Information