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Activities of aminopeptidases in a rat saline model of volume hypertension.

Authors: Prieto, I  Martinez, A  Martinez, JM  Ramirez, MJ  Vargas, F  Alba, F  Ramirez, M 
Citation: Prieto I, etal., Horm Metab Res. 1998 May;30(5):246-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9660082
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1055/s-2007-978876

Aminopeptidase activity plays a role in the metabolism of several peptides that could be involved in blood pressure control. This activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension, essentially in spontaneously hypertensive rats. However, few studies have examined aminopeptidase activities in animal models other than genetic hypertension. To analyze the aminopeptidase response to the specific conditions of the reduced renal mass saline model of arterial hypertension, aminopeptidase A activity (glutamyl- and aspartyl-aminopeptidase), aminopeptidase M activity (alanyl-aminopeptidase), aminopeptidase B activity (arginyl-aminopeptidase), pyroglutamyl-aminopeptidase and cystinyl-aminopeptidase were measured in the neurohypophysis, in the adrenal gland and in serum of this model of hypertension. In the neurohypophysis, there was a significant increase of soluble cystinyl-, alanyl-, arginyl-, pyroglutamyl- and membrane-bound aspartyl-aminopeptidase activities in hypertensive animals. In the adrenal gland, soluble cystinyl-, alanyl-, arginyl- and pyroglutamyl-aminopeptidase activities were also higher in hypertensive rats than in normotensive controls. No differences were found in serum levels of aminopeptidase activities between both groups of animals. A highly significant positive correlation between the neurohypophysis and the adrenal gland was observed for soluble cystinyl- and alanyl-aminopeptidase activities in the model of hypertension, whereas no correlation was observed in normotensive rats. Our results suggest that aminopeptidase activities could be involved in the regulatory response to the reduced renal mass hypertension and also suggest a coordinate response between the adrenal gland and the neurohypophysis, to the specific metabolic conditions of this model of hypertension.

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RGD ID: 2325942
Created: 2010-06-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-06-15
Status: ACTIVE



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