RGD Reference Report - Altered expression of immune modulator and structural genes in neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction. - Rat Genome Database

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Altered expression of immune modulator and structural genes in neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction.

Authors: Silverstein, DM  Travis, BR  Thornhill, BA  Schurr, JS  Kolls, JK  Leung, JC  Chevalier, RL 
Citation: Silverstein DM, etal., Kidney Int. 2003 Jul;64(1):25-35.
RGD ID: 2317694
Pubmed: PMID:12787392   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00067.x   (Journal Full-text)

BACKGROUND: Congenital obstructive nephropathy is a condition characterized by hydronephrosis, tubular dilatation, apoptosis, and atrophy, as well as interstitial cellular infiltration and progressive interstitial fibrosis. The renal consequences of chronic unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in the neonatal rat are similar to those of clinical congenital obstructive nephropathy. METHODS: To define alterations in renal gene expression induced by chronic neonatal UUO, Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to UUO or sham operation within the first 2 days of life, and kidneys were harvested after 12 days. RESULTS: Microarray analysis revealed that the mRNA expression of multiple immune modulators, including krox24, interferon-gamma regulating factor-1 (IRF-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP), p21, c-fos, c-jun, and pJunB, was significantly increased in obstructed compared to sham-operated kidneys (all P < 0.05). Western blot analysis revealed significant changes in immune modulator protein abundance in the obstructed versus sham-operated kidney for krox24 (P = 0.0004), IRF-1 (P = 0.005), MCP-1 (P = 0.01), and JunD (P = 0.0008). Alternatively, the abundance of all of the immune modulator proteins was similar in sham-operated and obstructed kidneys in rats subjected to acute (4 days) neonatal UUO. Microarray analysis studies also reveal that structural genes that comprise the cytoskeleton and cell matrix are significantly up-regulated by chronic neonatal UUO, including calponin, desmin, dynamin, and lumican (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Multiple genes are aberrantly expressed in the kidney of rats subjected to chronic neonatal UUO. Elucidation of these genes involved in neonatal UUO may lead to new insight about congenital obstructive nephropathy.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
ureteral obstruction  ISOIrf1 (Rattus norvegicus)2317694; 2317694mRNA:increased expression:kidneyRGD 
ureteral obstruction  IEP 2317694; 2317694mRNA:increased expression:kidneyRGD 
ureteral obstruction  ISOLum (Rattus norvegicus)2317694; 2317694mRNA:increased expression:kidneyRGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Irf1  (interferon regulatory factor 1)
Lum  (lumican)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Irf1  (interferon regulatory factor 1)
Lum  (lumican)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IRF1  (interferon regulatory factor 1)
LUM  (lumican)


Additional Information