RGD Reference Report - Recapitulation of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in human multiple endocrine neoplasia type I syndrome via Pdx1-directed inactivation of Men1. - Rat Genome Database

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Recapitulation of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in human multiple endocrine neoplasia type I syndrome via Pdx1-directed inactivation of Men1.

Authors: Shen, HC  He, M  Powell, A  Adem, A  Lorang, D  Heller, C  Grover, AC  Ylaya, K  Hewitt, SM  Marx, SJ  Spiegel, AM  Libutti, SK 
Citation: Shen HC, etal., Cancer Res. 2009 Mar 1;69(5):1858-66. Epub 2009 Feb 10.
RGD ID: 2317310
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19208834
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-3662

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal syndrome caused by mutations in the MEN1 tumor suppressor gene. Whereas the protein product of MEN1, menin, is ubiquitously expressed, somatic loss of the remaining wild-type MEN1 allele results in tumors primarily in parathyroid, pituitary, and endocrine pancreas. To understand the endocrine specificity of the MEN1 syndrome, we evaluated biallelic loss of Men1 by inactivating Men1 in pancreatic progenitor cells using the Cre-lox system. Men1 deletion in progenitor cells that differentiate into exocrine and endocrine pancreas did not affect normal pancreas morphogenesis and development. However, mice having homozygous inactivation of the Men1 in pancreas developed endocrine tumors with no exocrine tumor manifestation, recapitulating phenotypes seen in the MEN1 patients. In the absence of menin, the endocrine pancreas showed increase in cell proliferation, vascularity, and abnormal vascular structures; such changes were lacking in exocrine pancreas. Further analysis revealed that these endocrine manifestations were associated with up-regulation in vascular endothelial growth factor expression in both human and mouse MEN1 pancreatic endocrine tumors. Together, these data suggest the presence of cell-specific factors for menin and a permissive endocrine environment for MEN1 tumorigenesis in endocrine pancreas. Based on our analysis, we propose that menin's ability to maintain cellular and microenvironment integrity might explain the endocrine- restrictive nature of the MEN1 syndrome.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
insulinoma  (IMP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Men1  (menin 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Men1  (multiple endocrine neoplasia 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
MEN1  (menin 1)


Additional Information