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Splanchnic Th(2) and Th(1) Cytokine Redistribution in Microsurgical Cholestatic Rats.

Authors: Garcia-Dominguez, J  Aller, MA  Garcia, C  De Vicente, F  Corcuera, MT  Gomez-Aguado, F  Alonso, MJ  Vara, E  Arias, J 
Citation: Garcia-Dominguez J, etal., J Surg Res. 2009 Nov 11.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20031157
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2009.06.010

BACKGROUND: Long-term extrahepatic cholestasis in the rat induces ductular proliferation and fibrosis in the liver, portal hypertension, splenomegaly, portosystemic collateral circulation, and ascites. These splanchnic alterations could have an inflammatory pathophysiology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We measured serum levels of hepatobiliary injury markers and the acute phase proteins, alpha-1-major acid protein (alpha(1)-MAP) and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (alpha(1)-GPA) in rats 6 wk after microsurgical extrahepatic cholestasis. We also assayed Th(1) (TNF-alpha and IL-1beta) and Th(2) (IL-4 and IL-10) cytokine levels in the liver, ileum, spleen, and mesenteric lymph complex by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) techniques. Liver fibrosis was measured by Sirius red stain and by using an image system computer-assisted method and mast cell liver infiltration by Giemsa stain. RESULTS: The cholestatic rats showed an increase (P<0.001) in serum levels of bile acids, total and direct bilirubin, AST, ALT, AST/ALT index, gamma-GT, alkaline phosphatase, alpha(1)- MAP, alpha(1)-GPA, and LDH (P<0.05) in relation to sham-operated rats. TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-4, and IL-10 increased in the ileum (P<0.01) and mesenteric lymph complex (P<0.001), and decreased in the liver (P<0.001). A marked bile proliferation associated with fibrosis (P<0.001) and mast cell infiltration was also shown in the liver of cholestatic rats. CONCLUSION: The splanchnic redistribution of cytokines, with an increase of Th(1) and Th(2) production in the small bowel and in the mesenteric lymph complex, supports the key role of inflammatory mechanisms in rats with secondary biliary fibrosis.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2317270
Created: 2010-03-24
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-03-24
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.