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Expression of the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger in skeletal muscle.

Authors: Fraysse, B  Rouaud, T  Millour, M  Fontaine-Perus, J  Gardahaut, MF  Levitsky, DO 
Citation: Fraysse B, etal., Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2001 Jan;280(1):C146-54.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11121386

The expression of the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger was studied in differentiating muscle fibers in rats. NCX1 and NCX3 isoform (Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger isoform) expression was found to be developmentally regulated. NCX1 mRNA and protein levels peaked shortly after birth. Conversely, NCX3 isoform expression was very low in muscles of newborn rats but increased dramatically during the first 2 wk of postnatal life. Immunocytochemical analysis showed that NCX1 was uniformly distributed along the sarcolemmal membrane of undifferentiated rat muscle fibers but formed clusters in T-tubular membranes and sarcolemma of adult muscle. NCX3 appeared to be more uniformly distributed along the sarcolemma and inside myoplasm. In the adult, NCX1 was predominantly expressed in oxidative (type 1 and 2A) fibers of both slow- and fast-twitch muscles, whereas NCX3 was highly expressed in fast glycolytic (2B) fibers. NCX2 was expressed in rat brain but not in skeletal muscle. Developmental changes in NCX1 and NCX3 as well as the distribution of these isoforms at the cellular level and in different fiber types suggest that they may have different physiological roles.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2316982
Created: 2010-03-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-03-08
Status: ACTIVE



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