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PAC1 receptors mediate pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide- and progesterone-facilitated receptivity in female rats.

Authors: Apostolakis, EM  Riherd, DN  O'Malley, BW 
Citation: Apostolakis EM, etal., Mol Endocrinol. 2005 Nov;19(11):2798-811. Epub 2005 Jun 23.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15976009
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/me.2004-0387

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) acts as a feed-forward, paracrine/autocrine factor in the hypothalamic ventromedial nucleus (VMN) for receptivity and sensitizes pituitary hormone release for ovulation. The present study examined receptor(s) and signaling pathway by which PACAP enhances rodent lordosis. PACAP binds to PACAP (PAC1)- and vasoactive intestinal peptide-preferring receptors (VPAC1, VPAC2). Ovariectomized rodents primed with estradiol (EB) were given PACAP or vasoactive intestinal peptide directly onto VMN cells. Only PACAP facilitated receptivity. Pretreatment with VPAC1 and VPAC2 inhibitors blocked both PACAP- and progesterone (P)-induced receptivity. Antisense (AS) oligonucleotides to PAC1 (not VPAC1 or VPAC2) inhibited the behavioral effect of PACAP and P. By real-time RT-PCR, EB, P and EB+P enhanced VMN mRNA expression of PAC1. Within the total PAC1 population, EB and EB+P induced expression of short form PAC1 and PAC1hop2 splice variants. Finally, blocking cAMP/protein kinase A signaling cascade by antagonists to cAMP activity and protein kinase A or by antisense to dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of 32 kDa blocked the PACAP effect on behavior. Collectively, these findings provide evidence that progesterone receptor-dependent receptivity is, in part, dependent on PAC1 receptors for intracellular VMN signaling and delineate a novel, steroid-dependent mechanism for a feed-forward reinforcement of steroid receptor-dependent reproductive receptivity.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2315980
Created: 2010-01-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-01-20
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.