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Mild hypothermia diminishes oxidative DNA damage and pro-death signaling events after cerebral ischemia: a mechanism for neuroprotection.

Authors: Ji, X  Luo, Y  Ling, F  Stetler, RA  Lan, J  Cao, G  Chen, J 
Citation: Ji X, etal., Front Biosci. 2007 Jan 1;12:1737-47.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17127418

Mild hypothermia, applied either during or soon after cerebral ischemia, has been shown to confer robust neuroprotection against brain injury in experimental stroke and in patients recovering from cardiac arrest. However, the mechanism underlying hypothermic neuroprotection is not completely understood. In this study, the effect of mild hypothermia on the induction of oxidative DNA damage, an early harmful event during post-ischemic reperfusion that triggers both necrotic and apoptotic cell death in the brain, was studied using the rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion. Rats were subjected to 2-hr MCAO and reperfusion of various durations up to 3 days. Selective brain hypothermia (33 degrees C) was induced at the onset of ischemia and terminated at the beginning of reperfusion, and this significantly decreased infarct volume 72 hr later. Correlated with this protective effect, intraischemic mild hypothermia markedly attenuated the nuclear accumulations of several oxidative DNA lesions, including 8-oxodG, AP sites, and DNA single-strand breaks, after 2-hr MCAO. Consequently, harmful DNA damage-dependent signaling events, including NAD depletion, p53 activation, and mitochondrial translocation of PUMA and NOXA, were reduced during post-ischemic reperfusion in hypothermia-treated brains. These results suggest that the attenuation of oxidative DNA damage and DNA damage-triggered pro-death signaling events may be an important mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of mild hypothermia against ischemic brain injury.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2314141
Created: 2009-11-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-11-02
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.