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Type 2 diabetes and the genetics of signal transduction: a study of interaction between adenosine deaminase and acid phosphatase locus 1 polymorphisms.

Authors: Bottini, N  Gloria-Bottini, F  Borgiani, P  Antonacci, E  Lucarelli, P  Bottini, E 
Citation: Bottini N, etal., Metabolism. 2004 Aug;53(8):995-1001.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15281007

Acid phosphatase locus 1 (ACP1) is a highly polymorphic enzyme that has an important role in flavoenzyme activity and in the control of insulin receptor activity and band 3 protein phosphorylation status. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is a polymorphic enzyme that catalyses the irreversible deamination of adenosine to inosine and has an important role in regulating adenosine concentration. Based on the hypothesis that ACP1 counteracts insulin signaling by dephosphorylating the insulin receptor and that adenosine has an anti-insulin action, we reasoned that low ACP1 activity (low dephosphorylating action on insulin receptor) when associated with high ADA activity (low adenosine concentration) would result in a cumulative effect towards an increased glucose tolerance. On the contrary, high ACP1 activity when associated with low ADA activity would result in a cumulative effect towards a decreased glucose tolerance. A total of 280 adult subjects with type 2 diabetes from the population of Penne (Italy) were studied. There was a nonsignificant trend toward an increase in the proportion of subjects with the complex type with high ACP1 activity and low ADA activity (ie, *B/*B; *A/*C; *B/*C; *C/*C//ADA*1/*2 and *2/*2) in type 2 diabetes relative to that observed in newborn infants from the same population. High ACP1 activity/low ADA activity joint genotype was positively associated with high glycemic levels and with high body mass index (BMI) values. Low ACP1 activity/high ADA activity joint genotype was also positively associated with dyslipidemia. These findings suggest that both ACP1 and ADA contribute to the clinical manifestations of type 2 diabetes and probably also have a marginal influence on susceptibility to the disease. Both additive and epistatic interactions between the 2 systems seem to be operative.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2313183
Created: 2009-09-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-09-11
Status: ACTIVE



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