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Minocycline modulates chemokine receptors but not interleukin-10 mRNA expression in hypoxic-ischemic neonatal rat brain.

Authors: Kremlev, SG  Roberts, RL  Palmer, C 
Citation: Kremlev SG, etal., J Neurosci Res. 2007 Aug 15;85(11):2450-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17549754
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/jnr.21380

Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury in the perinatal period causes significant morbidity. Minocycline (MN) is a tetracycline derivative that has reduced brain injury in various animal models of neurodegeneration, including perinatal ischemia. To determine whether MN can modulate the expression of chemokine receptors and interleukin-10 (IL10) in a model of neonatal brain injury, we produced an HI insult to the right cerebral hemisphere (ipsilateral) of the 7-day-old rat (PD7) by right common carotid artery ligation and 2.25 hr of hypoxia in 8% oxygen. MN (45 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle (PBS) was injected twice: 2 days and immediately before the HI insult. At 0, 1, 3, and 24 hr and 14 days after HI, total RNA from the ipsilateral and contralateral (exposed to hypoxia only) hemispheres was extracted, reverse transcribed, and amplified with gene-specific primers using a semiquantitative RT-PCR for macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha), interferon-inducible protein (IP-10), C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5; MIP-1alpha receptor), C-X-C chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3; IP-10 receptor), and IL10. We found that, in the ipsilateral hemisphere, a significant (P < 0.05) increase in MIP-1alpha, IP-10, CCR5, and CXCR3 mRNA levels was observed. MN treatment decreased mRNA levels for CCR5 and CXCR3. In contrast, the levels of antiinflammatory cytokine IL10 were markedly decreased as a result of HI insult. Treatment with MN, however, had no effect on IL10. We conclude that MN decreased proinflammatory chemokine receptor expression but had little or no influence on the expression of antiinflammatory cytokine IL10. These effects confirm the antiinflammatory effect of MN in neonatal HI brain injury.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2311381
Created: 2009-07-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-07-09
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.