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Insulin regulates cytokines and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 gene expression through nuclear factor-kappaB activation in LPS-induced acute lung injury in rats.

Authors: Martins, JO  Zanoni, FL  Martins, DO  Coimbra, R  Krieger, JE  Jancar, S  Sannomiya, P 
Citation: Martins JO, etal., Shock. 2009 Apr;31(4):404-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18791499
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1097/SHK.0b013e318186275e

Diabetic patients have increased susceptibility to infection, which may be related to impaired inflammatory response observed in experimental models of diabetes, and restored by insulin treatment. The goal of this study was to investigate whether insulin regulates transcription of cytokines and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) via nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway in Escherichia coli LPS-induced lung inflammation. Diabetic male Wistar rats (alloxan, 42 mg/kg, i.v., 10 days) and controls were instilled intratracheally with saline containing LPS (750 microg/0.4 mL) or saline only. Some diabetic rats were given neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin (4 IU, s.c.) 2 h before LPS. Analyses performed 6 h after LPS included: (a) lung and mesenteric lymph node IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, IL-10, and ICAM-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) were quantified by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction; (b) number of neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, and concentrations of IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-10 in the BAL were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; and (c) activation of NF-kappaB p65 subunit and phosphorylation of I-kappaB alpha were quantified by Western blot analysis. Relative to controls, diabetic rats exhibited a reduction in lung and mesenteric lymph node IL-1 beta (40%), TNF-alpha (approximately 30%), and IL-10 (approximately 40%) mRNA levels and reduced concentrations of IL-1 beta (52%), TNF-alpha (62%), IL-10 (43%), and neutrophil counts (72%) in the BAL. Activation of NF-kappaB p65 subunit and phosphorylation of I-kappaB alpha were almost suppressed in diabetic rats. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin completely restored mRNA and protein levels of these cytokines and potentiated lung ICAM-1 mRNA levels (30%) and number of neutrophils (72%) in the BAL. Activation of NF-kappaB p65 subunit and phosphorylation of I-kappaB alpha were partially restored by insulin treatment. In conclusion, data presented suggest that insulin regulates transcription of proinflammatory (IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines, and expression of ICAM-1 via the NF-kappaB signaling pathway.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2308944
Created: 2009-06-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-06-19
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.