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Inactivation of aconitase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase in skeletal muscle in vitro by superoxide anions and/or nitric oxide.

Authors: Andersson, U  Leighton, B  Young, ME  Blomstrand, E  Newsholme, EA 
Citation: Andersson U, etal., Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Aug 19;249(2):512-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9712727
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1006/bbrc.1998.9171

Strips of rat soleus muscle were incubated in media containing a superoxide generating system and/or the nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) before the maximal catalytic activities of aconitase, citrate synthase, and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase were measured. The maximal activities of aconitase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase were both decreased by 25-30% by superoxide anions; however, only the maximal activity of aconitase was decreased, by approximately 50%, by incubation of muscles with SNP. Furthermore, when both superoxide and NO were present in the medium, aconitase activity was decreased by 70%. The maximal activity of citrate synthase was not affected by any of the treatments. This is the first time that superoxide anions or NO has been shown to inactivate aconitase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase in skeletal muscle. It is suggested that these effects may be responsible for some alterations in skeletal muscle metabolism, and these possibilities are discussed.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2306877
Created: 2009-05-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-05-11
Status: ACTIVE



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