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Impact of ether anesthesia on the hypophyseal content of oxytocin neurophysin I and II: a comparative study with ketamine in the rat.

Authors: Zierer, R 
Citation: Zierer R Life Sci. 1991;49(19):1391-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1943445

The effect of anesthetic stress on the major hormones of the posterior pituitary (PP), such as oxytocin (OT), oxytocin-neurophysin (OTNP-I) and its metabolic product, OTNP-II, was studied. Rats were treated with either a combination of atropine (0.87 mg/kg) and diphenylhydantoin (85 mg/kg) and then anesthetized with ketamine (42 mg/kg) or were directly anesthetized with diethyl-ether, and then killed. Controls were killed with a laboratory guillotine. Our study revealed that 1.) animals killed with a guillotine or being medicated with our drug combination prior to sacrifice had similar concentrations of OT, OTNP-I and OTNP-II per PP and ml of blood; 2.) animals anesthetized with either prior to sacrifice had a decreased concentration of neuropeptides per PP; the blood concentration of OT was 1.6 times higher than in animals treated with the drug combination or killed directly with a guillotine. In addition plasma concentrations of OTNP-I and OTNP-II were above the baseline. We conclude that ether is not an adequate anesthetic for studying the neurophysins from the PP in vivo. Treatment of animals with atropine and diphenylhydantoin in combination with ketamine does not alter the profile of the major hormones from the PP during anesthetic stress.

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RGD ID: 2304237
Created: 2009-03-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-03-11
Status: ACTIVE



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