RGD Reference Report - Phosphorylation and inactivation of rat heart glycogen synthase by cAMP-dependent and cAMP-independent protein kinases. - Rat Genome Database

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Phosphorylation and inactivation of rat heart glycogen synthase by cAMP-dependent and cAMP-independent protein kinases.

Authors: Grekinis, D  Reimann, EM  Schlender, KK 
Citation: Grekinis D, etal., Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1995 Jun;27(6):565-73.
RGD ID: 2303748
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:7671134
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/1357-2725(95)00029-O

The regulation of cardiac muscle glycogen metabolism is not well understood. Previous studies have indicated that heart glycogen synthase is heavily phosphorylated in vivo on multiple sites. Using purified enzymes, we have investigated the effect of phosphorylation of different sites on the activity of rat heart glycogen synthase. A convenient procedure was developed for the purification of rat heart glycogen synthase. The enzyme was phosphorylated by selected kinases, and glycogen synthase activity, extent of phosphorylation, and phosphopeptide maps were analyzed. Rat heart glycogen synthase, purified to apparent homogeneity (M(r) 87,000 on SDS-PAGE), had a specific activity of 18 U/mg protein and had an activity ratio of 0.74 (activity in the absence divided by the activity in the presence of glucose 6-P). cAMP-dependent protein kinase, glycogen synthase kinase 3, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, protein kinase C, and phosphorylase kinase phosphorylated the enzyme with a concomitant decrease in the activity ratio to values ranging from 0.1 to 0.4. Casein kinase II phosphorylated but did not inactivate glycogen synthase. Six tryptic phosphopeptides, obtained from heart glycogen synthase phosphorylated by the various kinases, were separated by reverse-phase chromatography. The phosphopeptide(s) obtained with each kinase eluted at the same position(s) as corresponding phosphopeptides obtained from rat skeletal muscle glycogen synthase. The study shows that the pattern of phosphorylation and effects on activity are very similar for cardiac and skeletal muscle glycogen synthase. It is suggested that the well known differences in heart and glycogen metabolism may be due to the interplay of kinases and phosphatases which could lead to different phosphorylation and activity states of glycogen synthase.


Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Gys1  (glycogen synthase 1)

Additional Information