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Changes in mitochondrial DNA deletion, content, and biogenesis in folate-deficient tissues of young rats depend on mitochondrial folate and oxidative DNA injuries.

Authors: Chou, YF  Yu, CC  Huang, RF 
Citation: Chou YF, etal., J Nutr. 2007 Sep;137(9):2036-42.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17709439

We aimed to characterize folate-related changes in mitochondrial (mt) DNA of various tissues of young rats. Weaning Wistar rats were fed folate-deficient (FD) or folate-replete (control) diet for 2 or 4 wk. The mtDNA 4834-bp large deletion (mtDNA(4834) deletion) and mtDNA content were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR. Compared with pooled 2-wk and 4-wk control groups, 4-wk folate deprivation significantly increased the frequency of the mtDNA(4834) deletion in pancreas, heart, brain, liver, and kidney and reduced mtDNA contents in brain, heart, and liver (P < 0.05). Decreased mt folate levels were correlated with increased mtDNA(4834) deletion frequency in tissues from FD rats after 2 wk (r = -0.380, P = 0.001) and 4 wk FD (r = -0.275, P = 0.033) and with reduced mtDNA content after 4 wk (r = 0.513, P = 0.005). In liver of 4-wk FD rats, the accumulated mtDNA large deletions and decline in mtDNA accompanied increased expressions of messenger RNAs (mRNA) of factors that regulate mtDNA proliferation and transcription, including nuclear respiratory factor 1, mt transcriptional factor A, mt single-strand DNA-binding protein, and mt polymerase r. In parallel, expression of mRNA for nuclear-encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunits (CcOX) IV, V, cytochrome c, and mtDNA-encoded CcOX III increased significantly. This enhanced mt biogenesis in 4-wk FD liver coincided with an elevated ratio of 8 hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG):deoxyguanosine (dG) (2.67 +/- 1.41) relative to the controls (0.99 +/- 0.36; P = 0.0002). The 8-OHdG:dG levels in FD liver were correlated with liver mt folate (r = -0.819, P < 0.001), mtDNA deletions (r = 0.580, P = 0.001), and mtDNA contents (r = -0.395, P = 0.045). Thus, folate deprivation induced aberrant changes of mtDNA(4834) deletion and mtDNA content in a manner that was dependent on mt folate and oxidative DNA injuries. The folate-related mt biogenesis provides a molecular mechanism to compensate mtDNA impairment in FD tissues.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2302403
Created: 2008-12-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-12-17
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.