RGD Reference Report - Inhibition of D-serine accumulation in the Xenopus oocyte by expression of the rat ortholog of human 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate transporter gene isolated from the neocortex as D-serine modulator-1. - Rat Genome Database

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Inhibition of D-serine accumulation in the Xenopus oocyte by expression of the rat ortholog of human 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate transporter gene isolated from the neocortex as D-serine modulator-1.

Authors: Shimazu, D  Yamamoto, N  Umino, A  Ishii, S  Sakurai, S  Nishikawa, T 
Citation: Shimazu D, etal., J Neurochem. 2006 Jan;96(1):30-42. Epub 2005 Nov 8.
RGD ID: 2302399
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16277611
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2005.03501.x

D-serine in mammalian brains has been suggested to be an endogenous co-agonist of the NMDA-type glutamate receptor. We have explored the molecules regulating D-serine uptake and release from the rat neocortex cDNA library using a Xenopus oocyte expression system, and isolated a cDNA clone designated as dsm-1 (D-serine modulator-1) encoding a protein that reduces the accumulation of D-serine to the oocyte. dsm-1 is the rat orthologue of the human 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate transporter 1 (PAPST1) gene. The hydropathy analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence of the Dsm-1 protein predicts the 10 transmembrane domains with a long hydrophobic stretch in the C-terminal like some amino acid transporters. The dsm-1 mRNA is predominantly expressed in the forebrain areas that are enriched with D-serine and NMDA receptors, and in the liver. The transient expression of dsm-1 in COS-7 cells demonstrates a partially Golgi apparatus-related punctuate distribution throughout the cytoplasm with a concentration near the nucleus. dsm-1-expressing oocytes diminishes the sodium-dependent and -independent accumulation of D-serine and the basal levels of the intrinsic D-serine and increases the rate of release of the pre-loaded D-serine. These findings indicate that dsm-1 may, at least in part, be involved in the D-serine translocation across the vesicular or plasma membranes in the brain, and thereby control the extra- and intracellular contents of D-serine.

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Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Nfkbie  (NFKB inhibitor epsilon)


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