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Downregulation of SPARC expression is mediated by nitric oxide in rat mesangial cells and during endotoxemia in the rat.

Authors: Walpen, S  Beck, KF  Eberhardt, W  Apel, M  Chatterjee, PK  Wray, GM  Thiemermann, C  Pfeilschifter, J 
Citation: Walpen S, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol. 2000 Mar;11(3):468-76.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10703670

Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in several forms of glomerulonephritis. In this study, a low stringency reversed transcription/PCR protocol was used to evaluate the action of NO on the mRNA expression pattern in rat mesangial cells (MC). To mimic the state of glomerular inflammation, MC were stimulated by exposure to the cytokines interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha into producing high levels of NO via expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS). To detect NO-mediated effects, the resulting expression pattern was compared to that of MC stimulated by the cytokines in the presence of the NOS inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). Computer analysis of a differentially expressed cDNA fragment resulted in a 100% homology to the recently characterized mRNA of SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine). Further characterization of SPARC regulation revealed a cytokine- and cAMP-dependent decrease in SPARC mRNA and protein levels. Blocking NO formation by L-NMMA reversed the effects of cytokines and cAMP on SPARC expression, suggesting an NO-mediated mechanism. The NO donors S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine and diethylenetriamine/NO further reduced SPARC expression in cytokine-treated MC as well as in controls. Moreover, downregulation of SPARC mRNA and protein expression in whole kidneys obtained from rats treated with endotoxin was observed. This downregulation of SPARC was reversed by treatment with L-N6-l (iminoethyl) lysine dihydrochloride, a potent and highly selective inhibitor of inducible NOS. These data characterize SPARC as an NO-regulated gene. This observation may be important in the context of tissue remodeling in chronic inflammatory kidney diseases.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2300026
Created: 2008-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-08-29
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.