RGD Reference Report - Substrate specificities of rat liver peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidases: palmitoyl-CoA oxidase (inducible acyl-CoA oxidase), pristanoyl-CoA oxidase (non-inducible acyl-CoA oxidase), and trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase. - Rat Genome Database

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Substrate specificities of rat liver peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidases: palmitoyl-CoA oxidase (inducible acyl-CoA oxidase), pristanoyl-CoA oxidase (non-inducible acyl-CoA oxidase), and trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase.

Authors: Van Veldhoven, PP  Vanhove, G  Assselberghs, S  Eyssen, HJ  Mannaerts, GP 
Citation: Van Veldhoven PP, etal., J Biol Chem. 1992 Oct 5;267(28):20065-74.
RGD ID: 2299949
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1400324

Rat liver peroxisomes contain three acyl-CoA oxidases:palmitoyl-CoA oxidase, pristanoyl-CoA oxidase, and trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase. The three oxidases were separated by anion-exchange chromatography of a partially purified oxidase preparation, and the column eluate was analyzed for oxidase activity with different acyl-CoAs. Short chain mono (hexanoyl-) and dicarboxylyl (glutaryl-)-CoAs and prostaglandin E2-CoA were oxidized exclusively by palmitoyl-CoA oxidase. Long chain mono (palmitoyl-) and dicarboxylyl (hexadecanedioyl-)-CoAs were oxidized by palmitoyl-CoA oxidase and pristanoyl-CoA oxidase, the former enzyme catalyzing approximately 70% of the total eluate activity. The very long chain lignoceroyl-CoA was also oxidized by palmitoyl-CoA oxidase and pristanoyl-CoA oxidase, the latter enzyme catalyzing approximately 65% of the total eluate activity. Long chain 2-methyl branched acyl-CoAs (2-methylpalmitoyl-CoA and pristanoyl-CoA) were oxidized for approximately 90% by pristanoyl-CoA oxidase, the remaining activity being catalyzed by trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase. The short chain 2-methylhexanoyl-CoA was oxidized by trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase and pristanoyl-CoA oxidase (approximately 60 and 40%, respectively, of the total eluate activity). Trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA was oxidized exclusively by trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase. No oxidase activity was found with isovaleryl-CoA and isobutyryl-CoA. Substrate dependences of palmitoyl-CoA oxidase and pristanoyl-CoA oxidase were very similar when assayed with the same (common) substrate. Since the two oxidases were purified to a similar extent and with a similar yield, the contribution of each enzyme to substrate oxidation in the column eluate probably reflects its contribution in the intact liver.



Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Cellular Component
peroxisome  (IDA)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Acox1  (acyl-CoA oxidase 1)
Acox2  (acyl-CoA oxidase 2)
Acox3  (acyl-CoA oxidase 3, pristanoyl)


Additional Information